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Psalms 51 & 1 John 1:5-2:2

Psalms 51 & 1 John 1:5-2:2


I. The psalmist, who ones enjoyed a vibrant relationship with God, informs that his relationship with God has been in a state of deep hurt for a prolonged period

II. According to him, the hurt is caused by his deliberate actions that dishonor God. He explains his deliberate actions with different word-pictures (metaphors):

1. Transgression (verse 1) [breach of relationship, one’s disregard for the expectation of the other person]
2. Iniquity (verse 2) [distortion, perversion]
3. Sin (verse 3) [failure to live up to the expectation]

III. Though the psalmist probably had everything materially to make him be happy, his past (un-repented) behavior continue to haunt him, which had caused damage to his relationship with God

1. Absence of joy and happiness (verse 8)
2. Crushed bones (verse 8)
3. Guilt (verse 10)
4. Lack of joy of the Holy Spirit (verse 11)
5. Lack of authentic worship (verse 14-15)

IV. The psalmist decided to get right with God by appealing to God’s two qualities

1. Unfailing love (verse 1)
2. Great compassion (verse 1)

V. The psalmist knew God’s standard in His relationship with believers

1. Does not delight in sacrifice (verse 16)
2. Desires a broken spirit and contrite heart (verse 17)

VI. The psalmist desires to put an end to his guilt by confessing his sins and praying for restoration

1. Confession

(a) Against you, you only, have I sinned
(b) Have done what is evil in your sight

2. Prayer for restoration

(a) Have mercy (verse 1); Wash (verse 2); Cleanse (verse 7)
(b) Create (verse 10); Restore (verse 12); Deliver (verse 14)
(c) Open my lips for worship (verse 15)

VII. Theology of Psalms 51

1. A genuine believer cannot remain in a state of guilt and stay away from God (cf. 1 John 3:6, 9)
2. God restores a repentant believer to a complete relationship with Him (cf. 1 John 1:5-2:2)

VIII. Take Away

1. You need not hide yourself from God because of what you did in the past
2. Confess your deliberate dishonorable behaviors that displeased God

Speaker: William J. Subash

Born and raised in south India, William J. Subash became a follower of Jesus Christ in 1983 at the age of nineteen. After a brief career in a tea and coffee plantation, Subash decided to spend rest of his life to preach about Jesus and his life-transforming message of God, which is popularly known as “the Gospel.” Subash teaches New Testament Studies at two institutions: SAIACS in India and Liberty University Online, VA, USA. Currently, Subash serves as the chief point person for GROW Gospel Initiatives and the Lead Pastor of the Crossroad Church, Bangalore. Write to him at