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Matthew 25:31-46

Matthew 25:31-46


Sermon: The Coming of Christ and the Final Judgment
Bible Passage: Matthew 25:31-46

I. Main theme: As Jesus Christ describes His second coming and the end of the age, He wants His followers to be prepared and to practically demonstrate the reality of their faith.

1. The purpose of this passage is to assure Christians that small, unseen acts of love to other Christians matter in the light of eternity.

II. The certainty of Christ’s return – The judge on the last day is Jesus, the Son of Man (vv 31-33)

1. Jesus will be seen in glory (His glory was previously demonstrated in Isaiah 6)

a. All the angels will return with Christ
b. He will sit on His glorious throne. While Jesus first came as a humble servant, He will come as glorious judge-king.

2. Everyone will be present for judgment, no exceptions (see John 5:25-29) – “the nations” refers to the people who make up the nations. This is judgment of individuals.
3. Jesus immediately draws a distinction between His people and not His people

a. This has been discussed in other places in the Gospels – e.g. wheat and tares, good fish and bad fish (Matthew 13). This is a judgment for rewards and condemnation
b. Right hand, i.e. favour – sheep (the right hand is a place of honor)
c. Left hand, i.e. condemnation – goats

III. The comfort of the ones on His right (sheep) (vv 34-40)

1. He calls them “blessed of my Father.” This is inheritance vocabulary. (5:5; 19:29)
2. The kingdom has been already prepared for them from the foundation of the world. This points to God’s election of them (Eph 1:5). “Kingdom” is another way of saying “eternal life.” This was God’s plan from the start.
3. The basis for the judgment – their love for Jesus extended to Jesus’ “brothers.” Who are these brothers?
4. This love included acts of compassion and solidarity. They did so at personal cost and personal risk. While social action is important and necessary, this passage refers particularly to how people treat Jesus’ brothers and sisters. (Note, this is risk-taking kindness. Sickness could be passed on. Prisons were dangerous places to go to, even to minister to someone else).
5. Verse 40 provides the main point. Jesus’ use of “Amen” shows that this is an important statement. Jesus is in a family union with those who are His. He is concerned about how others’ treat His family members, even those who seem to be least in importance.

IV. The condemnation of the ones on His left (goats) (vv 41-45)

1. He banishes them and calls them “accursed” (see 7:23)
2. He sentences them to eternal fire, which was prepared for the devil and his angels
3. The basis for the judgment – they had no love for Jesus and consequently none for His people
4. They did not show compassion to Jesus’ disciples

V. The conclusion – eternal consequences for your decisions and actions (v46)

1. The “cursed” go into a place of punishment called “eternal fire”; other descriptions of hell in the Olivet Discourse include “outer darkness,” “weeping and gnashing of teeth.”
2. The “blessed” enter into eternal life – also called “Father’s house,” “wedding feast,” “the joy of your master”

Take Away
Love Jesus by doing good for His people

Speaker: Rudolph Lobo

Rudolph Lobo became a follower of the Lord Jesus while studying dentistry in Bangalore.  After joining a Bible-believing church, he developed a love for studying and teaching the Word of God.  Having graduated with an MDiv from Pastoral Training Seminary, Goa, his passion is to equip God’s people to follow Jesus wholeheartedly, to apply God’s Word to all of life, and to be His witnesses in the world.  Rudolph lives and ministers in Bangalore with his wife Rajani and two children, Ruth and Jonathan.