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Jeremiah 3:1; Romans 3:3

Jeremiah 3:1; Romans 3:3


1. The Context

(a) The immediate context is from 2:1-4:4 with an imagery of husband (God) and wife (Israel & Judah)
(b) The broader context is from chapters 1-24 with the message of warning
(c) Placed in the 6th Century BCE—transition period (Decline of the Assyrian empire and rise of the Babylonians under Nebuchadnezzar)
(d) 13th year of Josiah (ca. 626 BCE), Jehokaim (609-598 BCE), Zedekiah (597-587 BCE), and the siege, destruction of Jerusalem and the Babylonian exile in 582/586 BCE (1:1-3)
(e) There existed a covenant between the God of Israel and the people of Israel (Genesis 12:2-3, 15-17, 26:3-5, 31:33, Exodus 24)
(f) The divine pronouncement given to “Israel” & “Judah” (Historic Reminder, United Kingdom/Divided Kingdom 1 King 11-12)
(g) The purpose of Jeremiah is twofold—judgment (Broken Covenant) and hope (New Covenant) (1:10)

2. First Love First (2:1-3) – God’s People turned their face towards God

(a) They were devoted to God in their yesteryears (v. 2)
(b) They were obedient in the midst of hardships (v. 2)
(c) They were dedicated for God’s purpose not for common use (v. 3)
(d) They were protected under the mighty hand of Yahweh (v. 3)

3. First Love Last (2:27, 32:33) – God’s People turned their back on God

(a) They lived as if God was dead when he was still alive (Romans 7:1-3)

(a1) Failure to seek the Lord wholeheartedly (2:6, 8)
(a2) Defiled, stained, polluted, profaned, corrupted, contaminated the Land (v.7)
(a3) Lack of the fear of the Lord (2:19, 5:22)
(a4) Placed their trust in other nations not in God (2:18, 36)
(a5) Created and worshipped false god—idols (2:13-19, 14:1-3)
(a6) They were backsliding, wandering away from God (8:5, 14:7)

(b) They lived as if God is present in their midst when he was actually absent (12:2)

(b1) They were sinning and yet not ashamed of themselves (2:23, 3:3)
(b2) They worshipped YHWH and also the Canaanite gods (Jeremiah 7)
(b3) They held offices but relinquished their responsibilities (Oxymoron, the Kings—oppressors, prophets—liars, priests-idolaters, shepherds—scatter, 2:26, 29, Jeremiah 22-23)
(b4) All have transgressed (2:26, 29)

4. Last Love Lost – God turned His back on His people

(a) Constant rejection after continuous warnings (2:32, 25:3, 32:33)
(b) Hard hearted (rebellious), stiff-necked (stubborn), deaf ears (disobedient) (5:23, 28, 32:33)
(c) People of Israel & Judah provoked God to anger (7:19-20, 21:5, 25:6-7, 32:26-35)
(d) God rejects the false saviors created by His people (2:37, 14:3)
(e) God temporarily rejects His people for a time of discipline (6:30, 12:7, 15)
(f) God promises judgment upon them from the rising power—The Babylonians (4:5; 19)
(g) Six occurrences of bride & bridegroom (2:2) (2:32) (7:34, 16:9, 25:10) (33:11)

5. Lost love First – God turned His face towards His people (Romans 3:3-4a, 10-12; Genesis 3:9)

(a) Does this mean that God has rejected us forever? (Jeremiah 3:1; Deuteronomy 24:1-4)
(b) Romans 3:3-4a “What if some were unfaithful? Does their faithfulness nullify the faithfulness of God? By no means!
(c) God will always remain faithful to His covenant (Romans 3:9-18, 23-25, Jeremiah 32:40-41)
(d) God comes searching for us when we are lost from His presence (Genesis 3:9—“where are you?”)
(e) Even Solomon was shown mercy in which he was given one tribe “Judah” in whose line the Messiah was born (Jeremiah 33:14-16, Micah 5:2, Matthew 2:6)

6. Take Away

Return (turn back) to your first love (God) by removing (turning away from) all your other lovers—idols (Jeremiah 4:1-4, 15:19, 30:14)