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Isaiah 9:6-7; Matthew 1

Isaiah 9:6-7; Matthew 1


1. Background

(a) Genealogies are strewn across the Bible, especially in the Old Testament but in only two books of the NT (Matthew and Luke)

(b) To the Jews genealogies were not just a set of names but gave identity and a sense of belonging within the Jewish community

(c) Judea was under Roman governance, and it had a king appointed by the Romans but not of Jewish/Davidic decent

2. The Genealogy

(a) The genealogy in the Gospel according to Matthew is a curtain raiser to the rest of the New Testament (Cradle/Cross/Crown)

(b) It was about four years since a prophecy was spoken, Malachi being the last

(c) Matthew is selective in putting his genealogy together, fourteen generations in each of the three sections

(d) The Jews always saw themselves as descendants of Abraham, a patriarch whom they upheld in high view

(e) A significant part of section 1 (vv.2-6) is similar to the concluding section of the book of Ruth

(f) Section 2 (vv.7-11), has the kingship of Israel with David at its helm, ending with the Babylonian exile

(g) Section 3 (vv. 12-16), has what could be called ‘The second temple period’

3. The Prophecy

(a) Isaiah’s prophecy comes across four kingly generations, all of whom are part of Matthews’ genealogy

(b) The fulfilment of the prophecy was not going to be in Israel’s ability but in God’s zeal (great energy/enthusiasm)

(c) Each of the three sections in Matthews’ genealogy starts in a promise and ends positively as it concludes

4. Genealogy and the Church

(a) Genealogies do not have the same value in the life of the church, for believers from every tribe, tongue and nation are adopted into God’s family

(b) We are asked to avoid being bothered by genealogies (1 Timothy 1:4; Titus 3:9)

5. Take Away

Impress upon yourself that the Triune Lord is able to do that which is seemingly impossible