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Ephesians 1:3-6

Ephesians 1:3-6


I. Paul exhorts the Ephesian Christians to speak well of God who has blessed (blesses) them with all spiritual blessings

1. There is a contrast between material blessing and spiritual blessing

2. The expression “spiritual blessings in the heavenly realms” refer to those blessings that transcend this world

3. Christ is the agent through whom God blesses the believers with “spiritual blessings”—It is through incorporation or a mystical union with Christ

4. The aid for a believer to function on this earth in the present time

5. They aid a believer to live effectively in society

II. These spiritual blessings are based on three persons: the Father (4-6), the Son (7-12), and the Holy Spirit (13-14)

III. What are those spiritual blessings?

1. Election

(a) God singles out individuals and ordains them for eternal life and blessedness
(b) Even before He created them, He determined their destiny
(c) His determination is not based on any inherent goodness in the object, but it is the Sovereign determination
(d) It is to have a special relationship with God through Jesus
(e) When God elected Abraham and Israel, it was not just for personal benefit, but to serve His purpose
(f) God is the subject of election—unconditional grace in election

2. The destiny of election is “adoption as children”

(a) To enter in to a privileged position with God
(b) Roman law ensured that the rights of the adoptive son were equal to those of the natural-born
(c) Adoption involves a changed relationship on the part of God towards the man

3. The purpose of the election is that they will be “holy and blameless” (same thought expressed in two different words) (verse 4b-5)

(a) A believer must reflect the character of God “the otherness”
(b) Does this refer to the earthly life of a believer or their life in the future? The answer is both
(c) Presently, the believers are operating on the imputed holiness, which should eventually make them holy by nature
(d) God did not choose because they were holy, but He chose them so that He could make them holy
(e) The phrase “before him” refers to God; the Christian life is lived in his sight, his presence, open to His scrutiny

4. The ultimate purpose of election is not just the salvation of the sinner, but the glory of God (verse 6)

IV. Take Away

1. Bless God with words of appreciation
2. Fulfill the missional requirements of the election

Speaker: William J. Subash

Born and raised in south India, William J. Subash became a follower of Jesus Christ in 1983 at the age of nineteen. After a brief career in a tea and coffee plantation, Subash decided to spend rest of his life to preach about Jesus and his life-transforming message of God, which is popularly known as “the Gospel.” Subash teaches New Testament Studies at two institutions: SAIACS in India and Liberty University Online, VA, USA. Currently, Subash serves as the chief point person for GROW Gospel Initiatives and the Lead Pastor of the Crossroad Church, Bangalore. Write to him at