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Acts 5:17–42

Acts 5:17–42


I. Introduction

1. God’s plan: The gospel has to move from Jerusalem, to Judea, to Samaria, and to the ends of the earth (cf. Acts 1:8)
2. Enemy’s Scheme: This gospel has to be stopped from spreading throughout Jerusalem (cf. Acts 4:17-18; 5:16)

II. Obedience in the midst of resistance (Acts 5:17-21a)

1. Prominent Jewish leaders determined (zeal/religiously motivated rage) to stop the movement of “Jesus movement” in Jerusalem because of the new/contradictory teaching of the apostles
2. God wants Jesus movement to move forward through the apostles’ teaching (Go, Stand, Speak—Angel of the Lord)
3. The apostles obey God and resume teaching (to explain/instruct/instill) in the Temple Courts

III. Obedience without resistance (Acts 5:21b-26)

1. The shamefulness of the guards—Apostles missing in prison (at the resurrection, Jesus is missing)
2. The faithfulness of the apostles—Found teaching in the temple (Holy Spirit ministry continues)
3. The apostles were brought without force. They did not resist evil by force although the people were on their side. (cf. Luke 22:47-53; Matthew 5:10-12, 39)

IV. Obedience through the gospel (Acts 5:27-32)

1. The apostles filled (pleroo, fill to the brim, to complete, to render perfect) Jerusalem with their teaching (shows apostles had more zeal than their Jewish opponents). They have done a perfect job of obedience.
2. We must obey God rather than men because of the necessity of salvation (cf. Romans 1:16; Galatians 1:8)

3. We are His (cf. Acts 1:8) witnesses (legal sense—testify) of these things (Jesus’ death and resurrection)

(a) Jesus’ obedience by shamefully hanging on a tree (crucifixion, cf. Genesis 2:25, 3:7, Isaiah 53:5; 1 Peter 2:24)
(b) Father exalted Jesus as both Leader and Saviour (the Davidic ruler greater than David)
(c) We have the Holy Spirit (not an angel) for this reason (cf. Acts 1:8—to witness)

V. Obedience in the midst of shame (5:33-42)

1. Rebellion of the Jewish leaders is too shameful (Killed Jesus, now seeking to kill His apostles)
2. “You might be found fighting against God” – Gamaliel, The Pharisee (Galatians 1:11, 14)
3. The apostles are shamed by flogging, warned not to teach in Jesus’ Name and released (cf. Deuteronomy 25:1-3; Matthew 10:17; Hebrews 11:36; 12:1-3)
4. Apostles went rejoicing and had more zeal/courage than before to teach (instruct) & preach (announce) daily in the Temple and in houses the message of Salvation (Acts 4:12; Romans 1:16)

VI. Conclusion

1. Obedience in the midst of resistance, without resistance, Obedience through the gospel, Obedience in the midst of shame
2. It is a “long obedience in the same direction” – Nietzsche

VII. Take Away

Let us get rid of the things that demotivate us, and let us talk (teach/preach) about Jesus to at least one person every day (publicly/privately).