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1 Peter 1:1-21

1 Peter 1:1-21


I. The status of the recipients of 1 Peter—Christians in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Bithynia, and Asia—changed from citizens to sojourners when they responded to the Gospel (1:1) “residing temporarily”

1. They did not cause their status-change; it was God who changed it (1:1) (foreknowledge of God)
2. God’s “foreknowledge” refers to God’s covenantal love (1:2)
3. God chose these believers from among many people (1:2)—election
4. They responded to the Gospel because the Holy Spirit of God prepared their hearts to respond (1:2) (so that there is no boasting)
5. The new status is made available through Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ (1:2)
6. The purpose of God choosing the believers is that they would obey and receive benefits
from the death of Jesus Christ (that they would go through sanctification) life transformation in which their conformity to their land changes and they begin to conform to the new location
7. The new destination of the sojourners is heaven, but for some time they live in this world (1:3)
8. (verses 3-12 is one single complex sentence which contains three sections)

II. The author of 1 Peter highlights three important aspects of the status-changed people (3-12)

1. About their new destination which is contrasted with their present place (1:3-5)

(a) Imperishable
(b) Undefiled
(c) Unfading

2. About their attitude to their new destination (1:6-9)

(a) The suffering is temporary
(b) The sufferings and trial prove Christian character
(c) When the sojourn is over, the believers are going to see Jesus

3. About the significance of their new destination (1:9-12)

III. The status-changed people must conduct their lives according to their new status, which is God’s work in them (1:13-21)

1. Their behavior must be in conformity to the future (incentive) (1:13)

(a) Girding up the loins of your mind—disciplined thinking, ready for action
(b) By being fully sober—Where do you use this word? Apostle Peter is saying that
they must become sober from the desires of the world

2. Their lives must be characterized by holiness; it must not be a continuation of their former way of life (1:14-16)

(a) Ungodly desires still pull the believers
(b) They must choose godly things and thoughts
(c) They are to live differently by not capitulating to the pulls of their society

3. They need to have reverential fear in the time of their temporary residence (1:17-21)

(a) Live out your time as foreigners here in reverent fear, which protects people from “libertinism” (verses 18-21 explains)
(b) The believers need to be reminded constantly about the cost of their salvation

IV. Take Away

Get a deeper understanding of the Gospel and develop more clarity of God’s Trinitarian relationship with you

Speaker: William J. Subash

Born and raised in south India, William J. Subash became a follower of Jesus Christ in 1983 at the age of nineteen. After a brief career in a tea and coffee plantation, Subash decided to spend rest of his life to preach about Jesus and his life-transforming message of God, which is popularly known as “the Gospel.” Subash teaches New Testament Studies at two institutions: SAIACS in India and Liberty University Online, VA, USA. Currently, Subash serves as the chief point person for GROW Gospel Initiatives and the Lead Pastor of the Crossroad Church, Bangalore. Write to him at