I. Background of the Psalm: Most likely, the psalmist was away (forced exile to be away) from the Sanctuary—where he enjoyed an intimate relationship with his God (cf. verses 1-2)
II. The psalmist appears to be in a hostile environment in his “forced” exile
1. Enemies seeking (putting great effort) to destroy his life (verse 9)
2. Liars (various kinds of lie) probably slandering the psalmist (verse 11)
III. Though the psalmist was away from the Sanctuary, his relationship with his God did not grow weak, but it grew stronger
1. Longing for God (verse 1): Psalm 42:3 “an intense desire”
2. Thirsting for God (verse 1): “thirst”ּ — a desire that causes physical weakness
3. Yearn for God (verse 1): “to pine after”
4. Giving thanks to God (verse 3): giving thanks
5. Praising God lifelong (verse 4): bless lifelong
6. Thinking about God during the night hours (verse 6)
7. Pursues God: to hang on (verse 8)
8. Rejoice in God: rejoice (verse 11)
IV. The psalmist’s faith was not confined to geography or conditioned by situations
1. Is it possible to be in love with God without passion?
2. What are the reasons the passion of believers for their God remains depleted?
3. What do we have passion for? Life, food, and comfort?
4. Is there a time you felt missing God in your life’s?
5. Is there a time you longed for God?
V. The one thing that dominates the psalmist in his exile is not his home, relationships, food, etc., but the Sanctuary of God
1. I will see you (verse 2) (certitude, perfect may be used for future)
2. I will witness your power and splendour (verse 2)
VI. In the midst of enmity and lies, the psalmist makes a truthful comparison between life and God’s covenant alone love
1. Life is not worth pursuing compared to God’s covenantal love (verses 3-4)
2. Food is not worth pursuing compared to worship of God (verse 5)
3. Sleep/comfort is not worth pursuing compared to thoughts about God (verse 6)
4. The object of the psalmist’s pursuit (the things he is primarily preoccupied/(clung on to) with or spends all his time on) is God, because his righthand him (verse 8)
VII. Things derived from life, food, and comfort ultimately come from God 3-6
VIII. When enemies and unfavourable people surround the psalmist, it’s not his soldiers and military strategy that deliver him, but it’s God (verse 7, 9)
IX. The psalmist focuses on God who is his shelter but enemies pursue him and get defeated (verses 9-11)
X. The present situation does not consume his mind, but God consumes his thoughts (verses 9-11)
1. In extremities of life, do we take shelter in God and be satisfied in Him?
2. How is our desire for God during the weekdays?
XI. When Jesus was going to be deserted by his disciples, arrested on false accusations, and crucified, He spends time with the Father (Mark 14:32-42)
XII. Take Away
Check you spiritual temperature and take necessary measures to enrich your relationship with the Father