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Romans 3:21-26; 12:1

Romans 3:21-26; 12:1

1. Paul uses a legal term “justify” to explain the Good News:

(a) This term presumes a trial scene, in which:

(a1) God: the Judge,
(a2) The Law/conscience: the prosecutor/accuser
(a3) The man (you and me): the accused

(b) Before God, man is utterly guilty:

(b1) Romans 3:23 All have sinned . . .
– Colossian 1:21 You were his enemies, separated from him [God]
– Ephesians 2:3 We were by nature deserving of God’s wrath
– Rom 6:23 The wages of sin is death

(c) Instead of convicting man, God acquits him—Paul calls it “the righteousness of God” (verse 24)

(c1) God treats man as if he were innocent/righteous when he is just the opposite
(c2) According to the Scripture, to treat a bad man as if he is good is a sign of a wicked judge
(c3) Proverb 17:15 Acquitting the guilty and condemning the innocent— both are detestable to the LORD
(c4) Exodus 23:7 never declare a guilty person to be innocent
(c5) Is God unjust/wicked? NO

(d) According to Paul, God’s this act is “justification” [1]—How did He accomplish? (verse 25)

(d1) God paid the penalty of human sins through Jesus
(d2) Jesus took our punishment upon Himself and died in the place of you and me

(e) This acquittal is available to everyone who believes in God’s work in Jesus (verse 26)

2. Take Away (How does man respond to this Just and Gracious God? (it is not automatic)

Give (offer) your life voluntarily for the purpose of bringing pleasure to God (12:1) [this is the best response you give to the One who has given you His best]

(a) From legal change to moral change
(b) It’s a deliverance from sin’s reigning power


[1] It is a judicial act in which God declares a sinner “righteous” when he deserves punishment