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Matthew 18:21-35

Matthew 18:21-35

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1. The parable must be seen in the context of a church, among the believers. The forgiveness is not necessarily “salvific forgiveness” but “sanctifying forgiveness”

2. This parable is a very well structured one with a proper introduction and conclusion

(a) Introduction (vv. 21-22)
(b) Conclusion (verse 35)

3. Three characters in this parable:

(a) The King
(b) The servant of the king
(c) The friend of the servant who is also the servant of the king

4. The servant owed the king a huge amount of debt (vv. 23-25)

(a) Ten thousand talents!
(b) The servant probably was a big officer (steward)

5. The king writes off his servant’s huge debt graciously upon his confession of inability and helplessness (vv. 26-27)

(a) The king was moved with pity (σπλαγχνίζομαι)
(b) The king forgives the servant’s debts

6. The servant who was forgiven of his huge debt was unwilling to forgive his fellow servant’s minor debt (vv. 28-29)

(a) The fellow servant expressed his inability just as the previous one did
(b) But, he did not show any mercy; he was put in jail
(c) Contrary to what he received from the king, the servant behaved cruelly with his fellow servant

7. Jesus says that such behavior was unacceptable in the kingdom (vv. 32-34)

(a) The king expects that he showed the same mercy that he received to the other servant
(b) The king revokes his decision and puts him in the jail, and tortures him

8. Jesus teaches that believers must treat other believers the same way God treats them (verse 35)

(a) If they are unwilling to treat the way God treats them, God will revoke what is extended to them
(b) Jesus emphasizes that the believers must forgive the debts of other believers who repent

9. Take Away

(a) Forgive those in your community who repent, which is the Kingdom of God (HOW)
– More often looking at the Father and imitate Him
– Intentional decision not to hold the offense that was perpetrated against us
– If possible, do something good to the offender