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Isaiah 7:10-14, Matthew 1:23 & 28:20

Isaiah 7:10-14, Matthew 1:23 & 28:20

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1. Observations from Isaiah 7:14

(a) Judah was facing a military threat from Ephraim [Israel] and Syria {Aram} [734-32 BC] (7:2 cf. 2 Kings 15:37)

(a1) There was a threat of complete destruction of Judah

(a2) There was a threat for the line of “house of David”

(a3) The question was: whether they would be defeated and the “line of David” would come to an end or they would believe God to continue with the “line of David

(a4) The courage of the people was severely damaged

(b) Ahaz, king of Judah, and his people were terrified at the coalition of enemies (7:2)

(c) They were planning to get help from Assyria—a wrong source for help (7:17-18)

(d) God sends Isaiah to Ahaz to offer help (7:3-9)—If you are not firm in faith, you will not be firm at all (verse 9a) [covenant language]

(e) But Ahaz turned down God’s offer of help but was getting ready to accept help from Assyria (10-13)

(f) Consequently, Ahaz and his unbelieving people would be defeated (10-13)

(g) But, God promises “Immanuel” to the a remnant of people who are now among the terrified (7:14) [at the time of Syro-Ephraism threat, Assyrian invasion, …]

(h) God has been “Immanuel” to His people in the face of crisis and challenges. For example,

(h1) Exodus 3:12: I will be with you. And this will be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you

(h2) Joshua 1:5: I will be with you; I will never leave you nor forsake you

(h3) Jeremiah 1:5, 8: Do not be afraid, for I am with you and will rescue you

(h4) Isaiah 43:2: When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and when you pass through the rivers, they will not sweep over you

(i) Matthew inserts Isaiah 7:14 in Matthew 1:23 when Joseph was in doubt and fear of infidelity, divorce, and instability in marriage relationship

(i1) God tells Joseph that “He will be with him at this crisis and challenging time”

(i2) Unlike Ahaz, Joseph accepted God’s offer

(i3) Just as it was in other situations, “Immanuel” protected Joseph and Mary in their crisis

(i4) They were able to be instruments in God’s most important plan in the history of the world

(j) In Matthew 28:20, Jesus tells His disciples what the Father has been telling His people

(j1) The disciples with their background and ability could not have accomplished what they were tasked with

(j2) Jesus tells them “I am with you always to the very end of the age”

2. Take Away

Respond to God’s offer like Joseph, not like Ahaz